Physiological response to fluid resuscitation with Ringer Lactate versus Plasmalyte in critically ill burn patients. - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Applied Physiology Year : 2020

Physiological response to fluid resuscitation with Ringer Lactate versus Plasmalyte in critically ill burn patients.

Abstract

The metabolic consequences in vivo of various balanced solutions are poorly known in critically ill patients. The main objective of this study was to describe the metabolic consequences of Plasmalyte® versus Ringer lactate (RL) in critically ill burn patients, with a special focus on the plasma clearance of buffer anions (i.e. gluconate, acetate and lactate). We conducted a randomized trial between August 2017 and October 2018 in a tertiary teaching hospital in Paris, France. Patients with burn total body surface area >30% were randomized to receive Plasmalyte® or RL. The primary endpoint was the base excess (BE) 24 hours after inclusion. The secondary endpoints were acetate, gluconate and lactate plasma concentration, the strong ion difference (SID). Twenty-eight patients were randomized. Twenty-four hours after inclusion, plasma BE was not significantly different in the Plasmalyte® and RL groups (-0.9 [CI95% -1.8-0.9] vs -2.1 [CI95% -4.6-0.6] mmol/L respectively, p=0.26). Plasma gluconate concentration was higher in the Plasmalyte® group (p<0.001) with a maximum level of 1.86 (CI95% 0.98-4.0) mmol/L vs 0 (IC95% 0-0.15) mmol/L. Plasma acetate and lactate were not significantly different. Ionized calcium level was lower in the Plasmalyte® group (p=0.002). Hemodynamics did not differ between groups. To conclude, alkalinizing effect of Plasmalyte® was less important than expected with no difference in base excess compared to RL, in part due to gluconate accumulation. Acetate and lactate did not significantly accumulate. Plasmalyte® led to significantly lower ionized calcium levels.
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Dates and versions

hal-02498198 , version 1 (04-03-2020)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02498198 , version 1

Cite

Solohaja Faniaha Dimby, Maïté Chaussard, François Dépret, Oriane Saint‐aubin, Mourad Benyamina, et al.. Physiological response to fluid resuscitation with Ringer Lactate versus Plasmalyte in critically ill burn patients.. Journal of Applied Physiology, 2020. ⟨hal-02498198⟩
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