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Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2021

Social distancing beliefs and human mobility: Evidence from Twitter

Abstract

We construct a novel database containing hundreds of thousands geotagged messages related to the COVID-19 pandemic sent on Twitter. We create a daily index of social distancing—at the state level—to capture social distancing beliefs by analyzing the number of tweets containing keywords such as “stay home”, “stay safe”, “wear mask”, “wash hands” and “social distancing”. We find that an increase in the Twitter index of social distancing on day t-1 is associated with a decrease in mobility on day t. We also find that state orders, an increase in the number of COVID-19 cases, precipitation and temperature contribute to reducing human mobility. Republican states are also less likely to enforce social distancing. Beliefs shared on social networks could both reveal the behavior of individuals and influence the behavior of others. Our findings suggest that policy makers can use geotagged Twitter data—in conjunction with mobility data—to better understand individual voluntary social distancing actions.
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hal-03205158 , version 1 (04-05-2022)

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Simon Porcher, Thomas Renault. Social distancing beliefs and human mobility: Evidence from Twitter. PLoS ONE, 2021, 16 (3), pp.e0246949. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0246949⟩. ⟨hal-03205158⟩
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